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Latin Mashups

Latin American, Latin Mashups music refers to the music of all countries in Latin America (and the Caribbean) and comes in many varieties. Latin America is home to musical styles such as the simple, rural conjunto music of northern Mexico, the sophisticated habanera of Cuba, the rhythmic sounds of the Puerto Rican plena, the symphonies of Heitor Villa-Lobos, Latin Mashups and the simple and moving Andean flute. Music has played an important part recently in Latin America's politics, the nueva canción movement being a prime example. Latin music, Latin Mashups is very diverse, with the only truly unifying thread being the use of Latin-derived languages, predominately the Spanish language, the Portuguese language in Brazil, and to a lesser extent, Latin-derived creole languages such as those found in Haiti. Although Spain and Portugal are not part of Latin America, Spanish music, Latin Mashups, and Portuguese music are closely connected.

There are many diverse styles of Latin music and Latin Mashups, some of which constitutes Afro-American musical traditions, meaning that elements of European, African, and indigenous music are fused. In the past, various authors have suggested extreme positions like Latin American music, Latin Mashups being bereft of African influence, or being purely African with no European or indigenous elements, but it is now generally accepted that Latin American music is syncretic. Specifically, Spanish song forms, Latin Mashups, African rhythms, and European and African/Afro-American harmonies are major parts of tropical Latin music as are the more modern genres such as rock, heavy-metal, punk, hip hop, jazz, reggae, Latin Mashups, and R&B.

The Spanish décima song form, in which there are ten lines of eight syllables each, was the basis for many styles of Latin American song. The African influence is, however, central to Latin music, Latin Mashups and is the basis for the Dominican- Merengue, and Dominican Bachata Cuban rumba, the Puerto Rican Salsa, Bomba, and Plena, the Colombian cumbia, the Brazilian samba, the Ecuadorian Bomba del Chota and marimba music, the candombe and murga rhythms from the River Plate, or Afro-Peruvian rhythms such as Festejo, Landó, Panalivio, Socabón, Son de los Diablos, or Toro Mata. In Perú there are regions where African musical influence meet and mingled withat that of the Gypsy (Roma People). Examples of this mixture are found all over the central and northern coast of Perú in rhythms such as that of the Zamacueca or Marinera and the Resbalosa. In the most rare of musical mestizages the African and Gypsy (Roma People) influence met the Andean, for example the Tondero, the Cumanana, and the Peruvian Vals from the northern coast. Other African musical elements are most prevalent in the religious music of the multifarious syncretic traditions, like Brazilian candomblé and Cuban santería. Latin Mashups.

Syncopation, a musical technique in which weak beats are accented instead of strong ones, is a major characteristic of Latin music, Latin Mashups. The African emphasis on rhythm is also important in Latin Mashups, and is expressed through the primacy given to percussion instruments. The call-and-response song style which is common in Africa, is also found in Latin American; in this style of song, two or more elements respond to each other, musically or lyrically, one at a time. Author Bruno Nettl also cites as essentially African characteristics of Latin music the central position of instrumental music, the importance of improvisation and the "tendency to use a variety of tone colors... especially harsh, throaty singing". Latin Mashups.

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